What is nmnh manufacturer ?

What is nmnh manufacturer ?

NMNH is "reduced Beta-nicotinamide mononucleotide", which is the reduced form of NMN with the CAS NO. of 108347-85-9 and molecular formula of C11H17N2O8P. Reduced β-NMN, NMNH (reduced nicotinamide mononucleotide) is a new and potent NAD+ precursor. It is a new form of NMN that can increase NAD levels to even higher levels. In general, there are three main manufacture methods for NMNH preparation utilized by NMNH manufacturers in the world such as chemical or enzymatic synthesis, and fermentation biosynthesis. And at present, the NMNH manufacturers are located worldwide including China, America, Japan and German.

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Advantages of NMNH

NMNH: 1. “Bonzyme” Whole-enzymatic method, environmental-friendly, no harmful solvent residues manufacturing powder. 2. Bontac is a very first manufacture in the world to produce the NMNH powder on the level of high purity, stability. 3. Exclusive “Bonpure” seven-step purification technology, high purity(up to 99%) and stability of production of NMNH powder 4. Self-owned factories and obtained a number of international certifications to ensure high quality and stable supply of products of NMNH powder 5. Provide one-stop product solution customization service

Advantages of NADH

NADH: 1. Bonzyme whole-enzymatic method, environmental-friendly, no harmful solvent residues 2. Exclusive Bonpure seven-step purification technology, purity up higher than 98 % 3. Special patented process crystal form, higher stability 4. Obtained a number of international certifications to ensure high quality 5. 8 domestic and foreign NADH patents, leading the industry 6. Provide one-stop product solution customization service

Advantages of NAD

NAD:  1. “Bonzyme” Whole-enzymatic method, environmental-friendly, no harmful solvent residues 2. Stable supplier of 1000+ enterprises around the world 3. Unique “Bonpure” seven-step purification technology, higher product content and higher conversion rate 4. Freeze drying technology to ensure stable product quality 5. Unique crystal technology, higher product solubility 6. Self-owned factories and obtained a number of international certifications to ensure high quality and stable supply of products

Advantages of MNM

NMN:  1. “Bonzyme”Whole-enzymatic method, environmental-friendly, no harmful solvent residues 2. Exclusive“Bonpure”seven-step purification technology, high purity(up to 99.9%) and stability 3. Industrial leading technology: 15 domestic and international NMN patents 4. Self-owned factories and obtained a number of international certifications to ensure high quality and stable supply of products 5. Multiple in vivo studies show that Bontac NMN is safe and effective 6. Provide one-stop product solution customization service 7. NMN raw material supplier of famous David Sinclair team of Harvard University

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Bontac Bio-Engineering (Shenzhen) Co., Ltd. (hereafter referred to as BONTAC) is a high-tech enterprise established in July 2012. BONTAC integrates R&D, production and sales, with enzyme catalysis technology as the core and coenzyme and natural products as main products. There are six major series of products in BONTAC, involving coenzymes, natural products, sugar substitutes, cosmetics, dietary supplements and medical intermediates.

As the leader of the global NMN industry, BONTAC has the first whole-enzyme catalysis technology in China. Our coenzyme products are widely used in health industry, medical & beauty, green agriculture, biomedicine and other fields. BONTAC adheres to independent innovation, with more than 170 invention patents. Different from the traditional chemical synthesis and fermentation industry, BONTAC has advantages of green low-carbon and high-value-added biosynthesis technology. What’s more, BONTAC has established the first coenzyme engineering technology research center at the provincial level in China which also is the sole in Guangdong Province.

In the future, BONTAC will focus on its advantages of green, low-carbon and high-value-added biosynthesis technology, and build ecological relationship with academia as well as upstream/downstream partners, continuously leading the synthetic biological industry and creating a better life for human beings.

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The Chinese name of NMNH is "reduced nicotinamide mononucleotide". NMNH is an amorphous yellow powder. NMNH increases NAD+ levels faster and at a higher concentration, on average 5 times that of NMN. NMNH has been industrialized and has a purity of ≥99%. It is available in two forms: free acid and sodium salt.

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What users say about BONTAC

BONTAC is a reliable partner that we have been working with for many years. The purity of their coenzyme is very high. Their COA can achieve relatively high test results.

Front

I discovered BONTAC in 2014 because David's article in cell about NAD and NMN related showed that he used BONTAC's NMN for his experimental material. Then we found them in China. After so many years of cooperation, I think it is a very good company.

Hanks

I think green, healthy and high purity are the advantages of BONTAC's products compared with others. I still work with them to this day.

Phillip

In 2017, we chose BONTAC's coenzyme, during which our team encountered many technical problems and consulted their technical team, which were able to give us good solutions. Their products are shipped very fast and they work more efficiently.

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NMNH also proved more effective than NMN in raising NAD+ levels in a variety of tissues when administered at the same concentration, confirming the results observed in cell lines. The data presented in this study also corroborate the evidence that NAD+ boosters protect against different models of acute kidney injury, and place NMNH as a great alternative intervention to other NAD+ precursors to reduce tubular damage and accelerate recovery.

To overcome the limitations of the current repertoire of NAD+ enhancers, other molecules with a more pronounced effect on the NAD+ intracellular pool are desired. This has stimulated us to investigate the use of the reduced form of nicotinamide mononucleotide (NMNH) as an NAD+ enhancer. There is very scarce information about the role of this molecule in cells. In fact, only one enzymatic activity has been described to produce NMNH. This is the NADH diphosphatase activity of the human peroxisomal Nudix hydrolase hNUDT1232 and the murine mitochondrial Nudt13.33 It has been postulated that, in cells, NMNH would be converted to NADH via nicotinamide mononucleotide adenylyl transferases (NMNATs).34 However, both NMNH production by Nudix diphosphatases and its use by NMNATs for NADH synthesis have only been described in vitro using isolated proteins, and how NMNH participates in cellular NAD+ metabolism remains unknown.

First, inspect the factory. After some screening, NMNH companies that directly face consumers pay more attention to brand building. Therefore, for a good brand, quality is the most important thing, and the first thing to control the quality of raw materials is to inspect the factory. Bontac company actually manufacturing NMNH powder of high quality with the caterias of SGS. Secondly, the purity is tested. Purity is one of the most important parameters of NMN powder. If high purity NMNH cannot be guaranteed, the remaining substances are likely to exceed the relevant standards. As the attached certificates demonstrates that the NMNH powder produced by Bontac reach the purity of 99%. Finally, a professional test spectrum is needed to prove it. Common methods for determining the structure of an organic compound include Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy (NMR) and high-resolution mass spectrometry (HRMS). Usually through the analysis of these two spectra, the structure of the compound can be preliminarily determined.

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Unraveling Impacts of Ginsenoside Rg3 Treatment on IL-1β-induced Injury of NPCs

Introduction Intervertebral disc degeneration (IDD) is a frequently seen orthopedic disease, which is accompanied with excessive apoptosis of nucleus pulposus cells (NPCs) and degeneration of extracellular matrix (ECM), with main symptoms of pain and numbness in the waist, legs and feet, as well as inflammation on and around the surface of bone tissues. Strikingly, ginsenoside Rg3, the main active ingredient of ginseng, has been attested to exhibit anti-catabolic and anti-apoptotic effects in IL-1β-treated human NPCs and IDD rats by inactivating the p38 MAPK pathway. The risk factors for IDD IDD is generally associated with risk factors such as aging, excessive exercise, working environment, and genetics. As one ages, the amount of water in the body and in the intervertebral discs will be reduced accordingly. Intervertebral discs that lack moisture will lose their elastic function and become hard. Once there is any stimulation or pressure, the intervertebral disc may crack, leading to intervertebral disc injury. For instance, the mechanical trauma caused by excessive exercise and work may accelerate the fragility of disc and exacerbate IDD. Anti-catabolic and anti-apoptotic effects of ginsenoside Rg3 in IL-1β-treated human NPCs and IDD rats Ginsenoside Rg3 plays an anti-apoptotic role in IL-1β-treated human NPCs and IDD rats, as evidenced by the down-regulation of pro-apoptosis protein Bax and up-regulation of anti-apoptosis protein Bcl-2 in IL-1β-stimulated NPCs and IDD model rats. Besides, ginsenoside Rg3 represses ECM degradation in IL-1β-stimulated NPCs and intervertebral disc tissues of IDD rats, as attested by the decreased expression of ECM degradation-related factors MMPs (MMP2 and MMP3) and ADAMTSs (Adamts4, and Adamts5). Ginsenoside Rg3 exhibits anti-catabolic and anti-apoptotic effects in IL-1β-treated human NPCs. Ginsenoside Rg3 reduces apoptosis and catabolism in IDD rats. Alleviation of ginsenoside Rg3 in IDD via p38 MAPK pathway Ginsenoside Rg3 can alleviate NPC degeneration, recover the arrangement of annulus fibrous, and preserve more proteoglycan matrix via inactivating p38 MAPK pathway. In vitro, the fluorescence intensity of p38 is enhanced in IL-1β-stimulated NPCs, yet ginsenoside Rg3 offsets this promoting effect. In vivo, the phosphorylated p38 level is elevated in NPCs and the intervertebral disc tissues of IDD rats, while ginsenoside Rg3 works inversely. Ginsenoside Rg3 suppresses the IL-1β-stimulated p38 MAPK pathway in human NPCs Ginsenoside Rg3 inactivates the p38 MAPK pathway in IDD rats. Conclusion The anti-catabolic and anti-apoptotic effects of ginsenoside Rg3 in IL-1β treated human disc nucleus pulposus cells and in a rat model of disc degeneration are accomplished by inactivating the MAPK pathway, providing new clues on the treatment of IDD. Reference Chen J, Zhang B, Wu L, et al. Ginsenoside Rg3 exhibits anti-catabolic and anti-apoptotic effects in IL-1β treated human disc nucleus pulposus cells and in a rat model of disc degeneration by inactivating the MAPK pathway. Cell Mol Biol. 2024;70(1):233-238. doi:10.14715/cmb/2024.70.1.32 BONTAC Ginsenosides BONTAC has been dedicated to the R&D, manufacture and sale of raw materials for coenzyme and natural products since 2012, with self-owned factories, over 170 global patents as well as strong R&D team. BONTAC has rich R&D experience and advanced technology in the biosynthesis of rare ginsenosides Rh2/Rg3, with pure raw materials, higher conversion rate and higher content (up to 99%). One-stop service for customized product solution is available in BONTAC. With unique Bonzyme enzymatic synthesis technology, both S-type and R-type isomers can be accurately synthesized here, with stronger activity and precise targeting action. Our products are subjected to strict third-party self-inspection, which are worth of trustworthy. Disclaimer This article is based on the reference in the academic journal. The relevant information is provided for sharing and learning purposes only, and does not represent any medical advice purposes. If there is any infringement, please contact the author for deletion. The views expressed in this article do not represent the position of BONTAC. Under no circumstances will BONTAC be responsible or liable in any way for any claims, damages, losses, expenses or costs  resulting or arising directly or indirectly from your reliance on the information and material on this website.

Targeting NAD+ Salvage Pathway as a Potential Approach to Combat Obesity

Introduction Mar 4th is determined as the World Obesity Day. World Obesity Federation, UNICEF and WHO have hosted a global youth-led webinar to talk about obesity & youth. The obesity crisis has gradually attracted much attention. The latest report by the Lancet suggests that one billion people are bothered by obesity (2022), with 650 million adults, 340 million adolescents and 39 million children. Recently, etiological studies and interventions for obesity have been progressively focused on the central nervous system, with an attempt to curb the onset of obesity at its source. Notably, targeting NAD+ salvage pathway in hypothalamic astrocytes may be a potential approach to combat obesity. The association of hypothalamic astrocytes and obesity The hypothalamus functions as the appetite regulation center, which receives and integrates the neuroendocrine factors produced by the central nervous system and peripheral tissues to promote or suppress appetite, so as to affect body weight. Noteworthily, aypothalamic astrocytes can apparently decrease glucose clearance and increase plasma insulin levels, playing an essential role in modulating energy metabolism, which are expected to be a new target for obesity treatment. Alleviation of high-fat diet (HFD)-induced obesity by repressing astrocyte NAD+ salvage pathway Under conditions of excessive fat intake, the NAD+ salvage pathway is specifically activated in hypothalamic astrocytes, which restrains the energy expenditure (EE) and fat oxidation in adipose tissues by downregulating sympathetic nerve innervation, eventually resulting in the accumulation of adipose tissue fat and the development of obesity. CD38 as a downstream mediator of astrocyte inflammation induced by the NAD+ salvage pathway. CD38 functions downstream of the NAD+ salvage pathway in hypothalamic astrocytes burdened with excess fat. CD38 knockdown in arcuate nucleus astrocytes diminishes the weight gain, reduces fat mass, increases EE, and lowers RER during HFD consumption. Cd38 depletion in hypothalamic astrocytes may improve hypothalamic inflammation by increasing NAD+ level. Hypothalamic inflammation can not only lead to energy imbalances, but also exacerbate central insulin resistance and leptin resistance, which can lead to the accumulation of fat in peripheral tissues. The role of nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase (NAMPT)–NAD+–CD38 axis in obesity In mammals, the salvage pathway represents the primary means of maintaining cellular NAD+ level. A crucial step in the NAD+ salvage pathway is catalyzed by NAMPT. In response to fat overload, the activation of the astrocytic NAMPT-NAD+-CD38 axis induces pro-inflammatory responses in the hypothalamus, eliciting aberrantly activated basal Ca2+ signals and compromised Ca2+ responses to metabolic hormones such as insulin, leptin, and glucagon-like peptide 1, ultimately resulting in dysfunctional hypothalamic astrocytes and contribute to the development of obesity. Conclusion Mechanically, inhibition of hypothalamic astrocytic NAD+ salvage pathway, along with its downstream CD38, mitigates hypothalamic inflammation and attenuates the development of HFD-induced obesity in male mice. Reference Park, J.W., Park, S.E., Koh, W. et al  (2024). Hypothalamic astrocyte NAD+ salvage pathway mediates the coupling of dietary fat overconsumption in a mouse model of obesity. Nat Commun 15, 2102. //doi.org/10.1038/s41467-024-46009-0 BONTAC NAD BONTAC has been dedicated to the R&D, manufacture and sale of raw materials for coenzyme and natural products since 2012, with self-owned factories, over 170 global patents as well as strong R&D team. BONTAC has rich R&D experience and advanced technology in the biosynthesis of NAD and its precursors (eg. NMN and NR). There are various types of NAD to be selected, encompassing NAD ER Grade (endoxin removal), NAD Grade I (IVD/dietary supplement/cosmetics raw powder), NAD Grade II (API/intermediates) and NAD Grade IV (if any higher requirement on the solubility), which can be provided in the form of lyophilized powder or crystalline powder. The purity of BONTAC NAD can reach above 98%.  Disclaimer This article is based on the reference in the academic journal. The relevant information is provided for sharing and learning purposes only, and does not represent any medical advice purposes. If there is any infringement, please contact the author for deletion. The views expressed in this article do not represent the position of BONTAC. BONTAC holds no responsibility for any claims, damages, losses, expenses or costs resulting or arising directly or indirectly from your reliance on the information and material on this website.

Tailoring Personalized Dosage Regimens of NMN Based on NAD Concentration

Introduction Nicotinamide mononucleotide (NMN), one precursor of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+), has been ascertained to be implicated with multiple biological processes such as cellular redox regulation and metabolism as well as DNA repair. Herein, post-hoc analysis of a double-blinded clinical trial is carried out. On the premise of safety, to optimize NMN utilization, personalized dosage regimen can be developed by monitoring the NAD concentration. Research protocol A total of 80 healthy middle-aged adults (age: 40 to 65) are enrolled in the randomized, double-blinded, controlled clinical trial of NMN supplementation, who are randomly assigned into four groups and administrated with placebo or NMN (300 mg, 600 mg, or 900 mg) for 60 days. The clinical data including age, sex, body mass index (BMI), blood biological age, homeostatic model assessment for insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), blood NAD concentration, 6-minute walk test and 36-item short-form survey (SF-36), along with adverse events, are collected at baseline and after supplement, followed by comparison and correlation analysis. The association of participant clinical data at baseline and after supplement of NMN NAD concentration change (NADΔ) is dose-dependently increased post NMN supplementation, with a large coefficient of variation (29.2–113.3%) within group. Notably, only HOMA-IR has a prominent association with blood baseline NAD. As a whole, NMN supplementation has a positive impact on the physical endurance and general health conditions of healthy adults, as evidenced by the obvious improvement of six-minute walking distance, blood biological age, and SF-36 score. In addition, the increase of about 15 nmol/L in NADΔ is related to clinically improvements in the walking distance of 6-minute walk test and the SF-36 score. The safety oral dose of NMN in clinical trials As demonstrated by the registered clinical trials NCT04823260 and CTRI/2021/03/032421, NMN supplementation can boost blood NAD concentration, which is safe and well tolerated with daily oral administration of 900 mg. Strikingly, clinical efficacy expressed by blood NAD concentration and physical performance reaches highest at a dose of 600 mg daily oral intake. Conclusion Blood NAD concentration is increased by NMN supplement at a dose-dependent manner. Personalized regimen of NMN supplement should be based on the close monitoring of NAD concentration change. In addition to longer follow-up duration and large sample size, future trials on the efficacy of NMN supplement should pay much attention to the factors affecting baseline NAD concentration. Reference [1] Kuerec AH, Wang W, Yi L, et al. Towards personalized nicotinamide mononucleotide (NMN) supplementation: Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) concentration. Mech Ageing Dev. 2024;218:111917. doi:10.1016/j.mad.2024.111917 [2] Song Q, Zhou X, Xu K, Liu S, Zhu X, Yang J. The Safety and Antiaging Effects of Nicotinamide Mononucleotide in Human Clinical Trials: an Update. Adv Nutr. 2023;14(6):1416-1435. doi:10.1016/j.advnut.2023.08.008 BONTAC NMN As David Sinclair, a famous professor of genetics at Harvard University, once pointed out in an interview, NMN has unstable molecular structure, which is easily degraded into nicotinamide if stored in the conventional environment. The satisfactory efficacy of NMN cannot be guaranteed if the quality and purity NMN products are not high. BONTAC is the first choice of NMN raw material suppliers worldwide, who has dedicated to the manufacture of raw material for enzyme and natural products for 12 years, with self-owned factory, 173 patents and professional R&D team. The purity of BONTAC NMN can reach up to 99.5%. Also, BONTAC is the NMN raw material supplier of David Sinclair team, who uses the raw materials of BONTAC in a paper titled “Impairment of an Endothelial NAD+-H2S Signaling Network Is a Reversible Cause of Vascular Aging”. Our services and products have been highly recognized by global partners. The coenzyme products of BONTAC are widely used in fields such as nutritional health, biomedicine, medical beauty, daily chemicals and green agriculture. Disclaimer This article is based on the reference in the academic journal. The relevant information is provided for sharing and learning purposes only, and does not represent any medical advice purposes. If there is any infringement, please contact the author for deletion. The views expressed in this article do not represent the position of BONTAC. Under no circumstances will BONTAC be held responsible or liable in any way for any claims, damages, losses, expenses, costs or liabilities whatsoever (including, without limitation, any direct or indirect damages for loss of profits, business interruption or loss of information) resulting or arising directly or indirectly from your reliance on the information and material on this website.

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